Sunday, January 12, 2020

Kinesthetic Learning

When I first read this assignment, I wasn’t sure what to expect. I remembered back to when my children were in preschool, which was sixteen and eighteen years ago, and was struck by the realization that I couldn’t recall them learning kinesthetically. It seemed to me that the only time I really saw them moving was during designated play time. I was very pleased when I walked into my church preschool, for a day of observing and volunteering, and the first thing I saw was the children learning through movement.In an effort to learn their numbers, they were all standing in a large circle, with Teacher Karla standing in the center holding a stack of cards with a number printed on each. She passed a ball to one student and then held up a card with the number four (4) on it, and the little boy bounced the ball four times and then passed the ball to the next child, who looked to the teacher for his number, which was a seven (7). He had a little more trouble and only bounced th e ball six times because he forgot the number five.He passed the ball on to the little girl next to him, who looked to the teacher, who still held up the number seven (7), due to the mistake of the previous child. I wasn’t sure how that would work, but the little girl bounced the ball seven times, and the boy, responded with â€Å"Oh yeah, I forgot five. How come you didn’t tell me Teacher? † Teacher Karla responded to this by explaining that we don’t always just learn from the teacher and that we can learn from each other, as well.Later in the day, I was pleasantly surprised to see that teacher Karla was using the Letter Mats that I had created for her a few years ago when I helped out in the preschool. The Letter Mats are large laminated mats with big letters written on them. The letters are not in alphabetical order and each letter is written more than once on each mat. Because this was an activity that I had come up with, Teacher Karla asked me to lea d. I stood in front of the mats and called out a letter. Each child then jumped on that letter on the mat in front of them. I then called out another letter and they jumped from letter to letter.We continued this until they had jumped from A to Z, with a few mess ups in between, but for the most part, most of the children jumped to the right letters most of the time. Chapter 2, Question While volunteering at the preschool, I have a lot of opportunity to watch the way different music affects the children’s moods and behavior. I wasn’t too surprised by my observations because music has always been something I have loved and when I ran an in home childcare, I used different forms of music all of the time. While at the preschool, I observed teacher Karla change the music frequently, depending on the mood she was trying to create.When they were playing the number and ball game, there was lively music playing, with children singing strong and loud. This music seemed to energ ize the children. When it was art time, and the children were painting, she slowed the music down and, while the children still chatted while doing their painting, they were much calmer than they had been earlier. When we did the activity with the Letter Mats, we listened to children singing the alphabet. The children really enjoyed singing along and I think because it was an alphabet song and coincided with our activity, it helped them stay on focus.

Saturday, January 4, 2020

Intelligence Analysis Essay - 2050 Words

I. INTRODUCTION: The United States Intelligence community draws on advanced technology and analytical techniques. An intelligence process that sets objectives, collects, analyzes, and report findings, with feedback loops integrated throughout. Explicitly, the intelligence community advantages technology and tradecraft within a proscribed process. However, estimation of threats and decision-making are outcomes of human thinking. Analysts and policymakers create mental models, or short cuts to manage complex, changing environments. In other words, to make sense of ambiguous or uncertain situations, humans form cognitive biases. Informed because of personal experience, education, and specifically applied to intelligence analysis, Davis†¦show more content†¦As such, actor ‘A’ projects an image or cognitive bias onto actor ‘B’ as if actor ‘B’ would see the world, or approach a problem in the same way as actor ‘A’ (George and Bru ce 2008, 315). III. HISTORICAL EXAMPLES OF MIRROR IMAGING: In the often-cited work, Psychology of Intelligence Analysis, Heuer provides many examples that apply cognitive psychology to explain how biases trap analysts’ judgments. In Chapter Six, Heuer calls upon Admiral Jeremiah’s comments on the surprise Indian nuclear test in 1998, and quotes Admiral Jeremiah explicitly concerning mirror imaging as, â€Å"everybody-thinks-like-us mind-set† (Heuer 1998, Chapter Six). Particularly concerning why the Indian nuclear test was such a surprise, Heuer explains a faulty assumption held by the United States. In that, the United States economic sanctions would deter an Indian nuclear test. A more recent example of bias is toward China. Johnston recalls the 1998 Tiananmen Square massacre of Chinese student’s pro-Democracy rallies. The prevailing mind-set was, according to Johnston, â€Å"any right minded person in China would support democracy† (Johnston 2005, 76). The prev ailing assumption was Chinese elites would negotiate with the protesters, rather than risk any unwarranted violent military action that risked international backlash. However, Johnston notes, â€Å"I was wrong† (Johnston 2005, 77). Johnston offers as reason, the lack of proper context of understanding Chinese culture, andShow MoreRelatedEssay on Intelligence Analysis584 Words   |  3 PagesEmbassy in a foreign country and said that they know someone was going to use a plane to destroy New York in two days, could this have stopped the attack? Intelligence Analysis puts the raw sources of information together, make predictions based on the data, and finally publish the results. Stephane Lefebvre wrote that â€Å" intelligence analysis is the process of evaluating and transforming raw data acquired covertly into descriptions, explanations, and judgments for policy consumers† (236). TheRead MoreAnalysis of the Elements of the Intelligence Cycle Essay2246 Words   |  9 PagesMinor Assignment †¢ Analyse the elements of the ‘Intelligence Cycle’. What are its core strengths and weaknesses? Before I begin to analyse the elements of the Intelligence Cycle, I must begin with the definition of ‘Intelligence’. Throughout my research, it became apparent that the acceptance for an accurate definition of ‘Intelligence’ is still an issue to date. One reason could be because experts tend to view ‘intelligence’ through their own specialty, and would be fair to say that thisRead MoreAn Analysis of Business Intelligence Systems1431 Words   |  6 PagesThis report is an analysis of business intelligence systems currently available to our business. As an introduction, I will address in general terms why we need to purchase a business intelligence system and how it will aid our business. Then I will discuss several applications in detail, paying particular attention to the information and analysis capabilities of each, and the hardware and software required for each. Finally, I will conclude with a short evaluation of the products discussed andRead MoreEmotional Intelligence Analysis Paper Essay1284 Words   |  6 PagesEmotional Intelligence Analysis Paper Emotional Intelligence â€Å"EI† is a field that certainly seems to be more widely recognized and is frequently being further studied and researched regarding how it relates to each person as they function in life. I strongly believe that it should be, because learning to manage our emotions in an effective way is critical to how each person deals with all aspects of their life. When we manage our emotions poorly, we not only hurt ourselves, and often our reputationRead MoreBusiness Intelligence Is The Gathering And Analysis Essay1214 Words   |  5 PagesBusiness Intelligence Business Intelligence is the gathering and analysis of large amounts of information so as to gain insights that propagate strategic and tactical business decisions. Business Intelligence is the mix of the processes and technologies which change data into information. It includes a wide category of technologies, including data warehousing, multidimensional analysis or online analytical processing, data mining and visualization, as well as basic queries and multiple types ofRead MoreBusiness Intelligence Is The Gathering And Analysis1229 Words   |  5 Pages Business Intelligence Business Intelligence is the gathering and analysis of large amounts of information so as to gain insights that propagate strategic and tactical business decisions. Business Intelligence is the conglomeration of the processes and technologies which change data into information. It encompasses a wide category of technologies, including data warehousing, multidimensional analysis or online analytical processing, data mining and visualizationRead MoreBusiness Intelligence Is The Gathering And Analysis Essay1175 Words   |  5 PagesBusiness Intelligence Business Intelligence is the gathering and analysis of large amounts of information so as to gain insights that propagate strategic and tactical business decisions. Business Intelligence is the conglomeration of the processes and technologies which change data into information. It encompasses a wide category of technologies, including data warehousing, multidimensional analysis or online analytical processing, data mining and visualization, as well as basic queries and multipleRead MoreAnalysis Of Emotional Intelligence By Daniel Goleman1418 Words   |  6 Pagesthrough email. Synopsis Daniel Goleman, author of Emotional Intelligence, discusses the idea of intelligence being more than a matter of cognitive ability. In part one and two of the book, Goleman discusses how the brain processes emotions. In these chapters the author describes the cortex and the limbic system. Rationality is job of the cortex while the limbic system processes your emotions. He suggests that the emotional intelligence can be a learned skill. In the next chapter Daniel GolemanRead MoreBusiness Analysis : Business Intelligence And Analytics1545 Words   |  7 Pagesadvantage is Business Intelligence. An organization that successfully employs business intelligence is able to collect pertinent information in a usable form in a timely fashion and have it accessible to decision maker so that the organization can more quickly adapt and implement its overall business strategy. The opportunities associated with the ability to use data and analysis in different organizations has helped genera te significant interest in Business Intelligence and analytics (BIA). Read MoreIntelligence Agency : The Intelligence Bureau ( Ib ) And The Research And Analysis Wing ( Raw )1942 Words   |  8 PagesIntelligence philosophers such as Sun Tzu, Kautilya and Machiavelli have stressed on the importance of strategic intelligence for the security of a nation and the history across the world is evident with its prime examples. Such is also the case of India and in this presentation we will be examining some key historic Indian events and their impact on the country’s two foremost intelligence agencies – the Intelligence Bureau (IB) and the Research and Analysis Wing (RAW). Towards the end we will also

Friday, December 27, 2019

Economics and Zara - Free Essay Example

Sample details Pages: 3 Words: 750 Downloads: 1 Date added: 2017/09/19 Category Economics Essay Type Argumentative essay Did you like this example? Market Entry Strategy: Case Study of Zara – Internationalisation in China 1. Introduction and Background Amongst the motivations to strategise are to grow fast ahead of the competitors, grow in the line with the industry or to simply catch up and defend an existing status. Despite the challenges, threats and risks, the orientation of various firms are to expand, to reach and to penetrate new markets segments. The working title of the research is initially drafted as – Market Entry Strategy: Case Study of Zara – Internationalisation in China. The study aims to explore the effectiveness of the chosen market entry strategy and mode of entry by Zara in penetrating the Chinese retail market. Whether the strategy proved to be beneficial in its initiative to internationalise the operation of the business will be also explored. Thereby asking, what are the benefits of putting the business within the Chinese business environment? As such, market entry decisions are a multi-approach that requires careful consideration of the firm seeking to widen economies of scope and reach. Zara should take note, however, that market entry decisions depend on the resources and the ability to sustain the competitive edge. In this study, different market entry strategies and its drivers, nature and dynamics will be explored with reference to Zara’s business. Zara’s international strategy framework of market entry, market selection and marketing approach is the driver behind the internationalisation strategy of Zara. When it comes to market entry, the question now is what are the economic and political barriers that take effect on the strategy? 2. Company Profile Owned by Amancio Ortega, Zara, on the other hand, is a clothing company originated in Spain. Inditex Group, the parent company, claims that Zara needed just a couple of weeks to go through the development of a new product and get it to the stores, compared to that of six months which is the industry average. Zara also launches products amounting 10, 000 new designs annually. Though Zara is a vertically integrated company, Zara controls most of the processes in the supply chain whereby 50% of the products are manufactured in Spain, 26% in the rest of Europe and 24% in Asian countries. and (2006) contend that Zara outsourced the production of high labor intensive processes but maintained in-house other capital intensive processes, protecting knowledge and know how. The quick-response capability of Zara is made possible by the three main stages that define the competitive edge of the company: design, manufacturing and distribution. Zara embraces the strategy to focus on operations which can enhance cost efficiency thereby conducting most of the processes in-house. While, the rest of the manufacturing activities including finishing stages are completed through a network of 300 small contractors which specializes in one particular part of the production p rocess or garment type. These contractors work exclusively for Inditex, and are not given more than 4% control of the production services so that if there will be a problem with a single contractor, there will 299 to back them. and (2004) maintain that although its manufacturing costs are 15 to 20% higher than competition, Zara more than makes up for the cost differential through its supply chain to ensure that merchandise in the stores matches what customers want (). Further, the competitive advantages of Zara are because of its cost leadership, fast production and product variation. Zara sells quality, fashionable products at reasonable prices and based on product positioning, Zara is cheaper than its leading rivals as Benetton and Gap. Zara also has the ability to design and finish products to be deli8everd in stores within 4 to 5 weeks hence very quick to get designer-influenced products into their stores. Likewise, the clothing brand has the ability to launch new trends a nd designs in a much shorter period. Zara thereby boasts for low level of inventory, efficient distribution system and high turnover of product. 3. Key Issues Market Entry and/or Operations Market Entry International strategy at Zara is defined by the combined generic strategy of cost leadership and differentiation strategy. There are considerations, however, such as when selecting the Chinese market, labor cost and productivity, distribution cost and shipment cost of raw materials are considered. Other considerations are characteristics or behaviour of consumers and income per capita. In terms of marketing approach, the considerations include the 4Ps inherent to the Chinese consumers and business environment. Market entry considerations include economics, both macroeconomic factors which include tax, political condition and export tariff and microeconomic factors including local competitors, demand and location of store. Regulation from government and local producers protecti on issues are other considerations. Don’t waste time! Our writers will create an original "Economics and Zara" essay for you Create order

Thursday, December 19, 2019

Women Of The United States - 1456 Words

One must reach far back in history in order to appreciate what two women are currently undertaking in the political arena in the United States. Presently, two women are vying for their respective political party’s nomination to become President of the United States, however in the late nineteenth century this would have never been thought possible. Women during this era had no self-representation other than their husbands and fathers. Several generations of women who supported the suffrage movement, fought to change the Constitution of the United States. These revolutionary women of the United States played a monumental role in making this a reality. As a result of these women’s efforts, and many more that followed, the 19th amendment to the Constitution was ratified on August 18, 1920, allowing women the right to vote. This amendment marks one of the most pivotal points in American politics. In order to set the stage for the importance of women’s rights during this time in history, one must first understand the circumstances under which women lived in nineteenth century America. In the book, Lucy Stone, Speaking Out for Equality, author Andrea Moore Kerr tells of the day Lucy Stone was born in Massachusetts, the year was 1818. It is now known that Lucy Stone would become a champion for the rights of women and especially women’s suffrage. Hannah Stone, Lucy’s mother was pregnant with her sixth child and was weary from having to perform so many duties as a woman andShow MoreRelatedThe Women Of The United States1434 Words   |  6 PagesAbuse affects the whole family no matter what country that you live in. The women of Mexico were identified as moderately depressed compared to the minimally depressed women of the United States. The results of being in an abusive relationship or having been abused can be seen in the women’s parenting. The women from Mexico most often felt that their children had issues, which caused them to be challenging to parent. The mothers from Mexico often times felt that their child was demanding, notRead MoreWomen Of The United States861 Words   |  4 PagesUnlike the past, the social status of women is a lot improved. So, many female leaders are taking an active part in many fields. However, it is hard to find female leaders in top position. From the past, male dominated almost all of high social and official position in the world. Kings, presidents and many people who were in the high social hierarchy were predominately male, except some queens in U.K. Female has been playing a supporting role or was a second-class citizen. Females are still underrepresentedRead MoreWomen Of The United States2283 Words   |  10 Pagesstandard or example. They apply to the vulnerability of any one group. Intermittently, they are used against women in the United States as a whole, who are vulnerable in areas of predestined abilities to achieve a task based on sex. Not only must g eneralizations be lessened, but they also must be eliminated completely, as the effects they have on women are monstrous. Women in the United States are affected negatively by stereotypes through movies, mass media, and discrimination in the workplace. HistoriesRead MoreWomen Of The United States1849 Words   |  8 PagesStephen Rykola Mrs. Lucas English 10 Throughout time women have been looked upon as lesser individuals. However this is not the case. Women have played a very important part in our lives since the beginning of time. In the United States just within the past one hundred years women have received the right to vote. Hate and acts of violence against women still happen in other country s today. This famous quote by Abraham Lincoln proves that women should be treated as equals to men: A house dividedRead MoreWomen Of The United States Essay1838 Words   |  8 PagesWomen make up about 51% of the population of the United States, yet for most of American history, their representation in politics has been almost nonexistent. It was not even until 1920 that women were given the right to vote by the 19th amendment. Before that, their involvement was shunned and prohibited. After women gained the right to vote, however, their election to office was not immediate. After gaining the right to vote, women have gone through a struggle to become involved in politics thatRead MoreWomen Of The United States Army1964 Words   |  8 PagesThe United States Army was founded on June 14, 1775, and since this day women have helped nurture this great branch into what is known today as the largest and oldest United States Military service. (â€Å"Women†) The US Army is consisted of about 452,064 enlisted soldiers and 87,610 officers. This total of 539,675 makes up 37.8% of all of the military branches. (Demographics†) As time has carried on more and more women are looking to serve the country in the Army. While women have many skills and abilitiesRead MoreWomen During The United States1823 Words   |  8 Pagesin the world. However nurses continue to be in short supply even with an aggressive campaign to attract foreign nurses (Brunetto et al., 2013). It is estimated that â€Å"the United States will need to have produced 1.13 million new RN’s to fill the future demand† (MeMenamin, 201 4). Of the current-working nurses in the United States, â€Å"males represent approximately 7% of the nursing workforce†¦Ã¢â‚¬ (Colby, 2012). The percentage of men in nursing must improve if nursing is to become diversified. Although theRead MoreWomen During The United States Military1345 Words   |  6 Pages 9 April 2016 TOULMIN ESSAY Women have always served in the United States Military, since the beginning of the existence of the United States. I will make the argument, that women can and should be allowed to serve in combat roles, that are traditionally open for men only. Combat does not distinguish between the sexes. This is an important issue for everyone. The main reason, why women have never been allowed to be in combat roles, is because the sight of a wounded woman on the battle fieldRead MoreWomen s Movement Of The United States1438 Words   |  6 Pagessimilarities between female and male, or women and men. In general, men usually have different responsibilities and duties as women. From history to modern time, the differences between women and men has changed a lot. It’s nearly 70 years ago, that fight for women’s suffrage began in the United States. The Women’s Movement is a movement to combat sexual discrimination and to gain full legal, economic, vocational, educational an d social rights and opportunities for women, equal to those of men. One of theRead MoreThe United States : A Growing Problem With Women1553 Words   |  7 PagesThe United States has a growing problem with women in the criminal justice system. There has been a dramatic increase of women since the 1980’s. In addition, the increase of women has brought mothers into the equation. Pregnant mothers who are allowed to keep their newborn while incarcerated has been theorized to have many positive results. Including a higher chance of a positive reentry, allow bonding time between the mother and her child, and easing the pain of their incarceration. Laws vary from

Wednesday, December 11, 2019

Hutus and Tutsis Essay Example For Students

Hutus and Tutsis Essay The culture of the Hutu and Tutsi tribes of Rwanda, Africa interests me for many reasons. One reason is that they are so diverse from our American way of life. Another reason is that I have heard a little bit about them in the news and by talking to people. This sparked my interest and made me want to learn more about them. I will cover a wide variety of information in my report. This will include the land where they live, their way of life, their history and ancestry, and what the government is like in Rwanda. I dont expect the reader to become an expert on the Hutus and the Tutsis, but I do hope that the reader gets a general understanding about what is going on in their section of Africa. I have learned lots of new information from doing this report, not only about the Hutus and the Tutsis culture, but about the whole continent of Africa. The first topic that I will cover is about the people that make up the tribes of the Hutu and Tutsi. The total population of the country of Rwanda, where most of their events have taken place is 7,800,000. The population of the Hutus is 3,000,000 and the Tutsis number only 1,000,000. The physical traits of the Hutus and Tutsis are very different from each other. The Hutu have larger noses and larger all around facial features than the Tutsis. Most Tutsis are seldom less than six feet tall, while the Hutu are very short people. The Tutsis are related to the Masai and the people along the Nile, while the Hutus have a Buntu history. As you can see the people that make up the tribes of the Hutus and the Tutsis are a very diverse group of people. The way of life for the Hutu and the Tutsis is considerably different. Traditionally, the Tutsi were the wealthy, upper class and the Hutu were little more than slaves. Now the power is a little more equally divided, but is still more in favor of the Tutsis. The Hutu are mainly peasant farmers, while the Tutsis are mainly animal stock breeders. One thing that the Hutu and the Tutsi have in common is that they are both a Buntu language speaking group. The basis of the natives religion is a belief that there is a supreme principle of good known as Imana. Followers of this religion use magical amulets in their rituals. One half of the people in Rwanda are Christian, and most of the Christians are Catholic. The staple foods of the Hutu are cooked bananas, maize, and millet. The staple foods of the Tutsis are dairy products, and agricultural foods that are bought from the Hutu. Only a minimal percentage of both tribes go to school. The children that go to school either go to a religious m ission or to a public school. The way of life for the Hutu and Tutsi differs from our lifestyle very much. Right now the economy is in shambles because of the devastation of the long enduring civil war between these rival ethnic groups. I will expand on this topic later. The industry crashed because most of the countrys efforts were being put into the war effort and not much work was getting done. Very little economic activity is going on and, as a result of this, millions of people are suffering. The agriculture consists of Hutu farmers products. Stock breeding is done by the Tutsis who are cattle herders. Tin mining is the leading industry in Rwanda. As you can see the economy was never very strong to begin with, and now with the civil war raging it is worse than ever. .ud42f65344be58ddf186bb2551dfebaab , .ud42f65344be58ddf186bb2551dfebaab .postImageUrl , .ud42f65344be58ddf186bb2551dfebaab .centered-text-area { min-height: 80px; position: relative; } .ud42f65344be58ddf186bb2551dfebaab , .ud42f65344be58ddf186bb2551dfebaab:hover , .ud42f65344be58ddf186bb2551dfebaab:visited , .ud42f65344be58ddf186bb2551dfebaab:active { border:0!important; } .ud42f65344be58ddf186bb2551dfebaab .clearfix:after { content: ""; display: table; clear: both; } .ud42f65344be58ddf186bb2551dfebaab { display: block; transition: background-color 250ms; webkit-transition: background-color 250ms; width: 100%; opacity: 1; transition: opacity 250ms; webkit-transition: opacity 250ms; background-color: #95A5A6; } .ud42f65344be58ddf186bb2551dfebaab:active , .ud42f65344be58ddf186bb2551dfebaab:hover { opacity: 1; transition: opacity 250ms; webkit-transition: opacity 250ms; background-color: #2C3E50; } .ud42f65344be58ddf186bb2551dfebaab .centered-text-area { width: 100%; position: relative ; } .ud42f65344be58ddf186bb2551dfebaab .ctaText { border-bottom: 0 solid #fff; color: #2980B9; font-size: 16px; font-weight: bold; margin: 0; padding: 0; text-decoration: underline; } .ud42f65344be58ddf186bb2551dfebaab .postTitle { color: #FFFFFF; font-size: 16px; font-weight: 600; margin: 0; padding: 0; width: 100%; } .ud42f65344be58ddf186bb2551dfebaab .ctaButton { background-color: #7F8C8D!important; color: #2980B9; border: none; border-radius: 3px; box-shadow: none; font-size: 14px; font-weight: bold; line-height: 26px; moz-border-radius: 3px; text-align: center; text-decoration: none; text-shadow: none; width: 80px; min-height: 80px; background: url(https://artscolumbia.org/wp-content/plugins/intelly-related-posts/assets/images/simple-arrow.png)no-repeat; position: absolute; right: 0; top: 0; } .ud42f65344be58ddf186bb2551dfebaab:hover .ctaButton { background-color: #34495E!important; } .ud42f65344be58ddf186bb2551dfebaab .centered-text { display: table; height: 80px; padding-left : 18px; top: 0; } .ud42f65344be58ddf186bb2551dfebaab .ud42f65344be58ddf186bb2551dfebaab-content { display: table-cell; margin: 0; padding: 0; padding-right: 108px; position: relative; vertical-align: middle; width: 100%; } .ud42f65344be58ddf186bb2551dfebaab:after { content: ""; display: block; clear: both; } READ: Creative Writing: A Night Fishing EssayThe history of conflict between the two tribes began four centuries ago. The Tutsis are a warrior tribe of Hamatic origin. Sometimes called the Watutsi, they invaded the Hutu in Rwanda from the North. The Hutu couldnt defend themselves and they were taken over by the Tutsi and reduced to serfdom. Each Hutu chose a Tutsi Lord who gave them use of cattle. There wasnt much conflict until 1959 when a civil war broke out when the leaders of both tribes were killed. The Hutu tried to get equality through the National Party of Hutu Emancipation. This did not work however. In 1960, elections were held under Belgium supervision. More Hutus won and the Hutus took over the government. The Hutu Gregoire Kayibanda was elected president. Two years later Rwanda won independence and the Hutus started mistreating the Tutsis. After independence, violence erupted between the two tribes. In 1973 Kayibanda was accused of being lenient with Tutsis who slaughtered thousands of Hutus in Burundi. The army was unhappy about this so they took over the government. General Habyarinew was appointed president of Rwanda. In 1990 the Tutsis began a civil war against the Hutu government. The Tutsis forced the Hutus to Zairian refugee camps. Since Zaire is a poor country and they couldnt support the Hutu refugees they forced the Hutus back to Rwanda. Finally in 1994 settlements seemed to be working out. Later in 1994 a plane crashed at Kigali, Rwandas capital, with a Hutu leader on board. The Hutus thought the Tutsis were responsible for this act. Hutu extremists began their campaign of genocide after this. 500,000 Tutsis were killed by the Hutu extremists, who also killed Hutus who wanted to live peacefully with the Tutsis. 2137 of the killers were under 18. Trials for the minors are supposed to take place in March of 1997. Altogether since independence, more than half a million people have been killed and just as many have fled to Zaire and Uganda.Today Rwanda is dominated by the Hutus, and Burundi is controlled by the Tutsi. The most current news is that the United States have sent 1,000 troops to Zaire to help the people in need. Rwanda, the land where the two tribes are primarily located is called the African Switzerland because it is very picturesque. Rwanda covers 9530 square miles of land and is very densely populated. The yearly temperature ranges from 55 to 75 degrees. There is not much rainfall and this often leads to droughts. The central plateau country ranges in altitude from 4800 feet on the shores of Lake Kiva to 14,000 feet in the volcanic mountains of the North. The highest mountain is Mount Karisimbi and it is 13,520 feet high. In our language Karisimbi means pearl. The Savanna grasslands of the central plateau run an average height of 5,600 feet. The Hutu live in the mountainous Savanna country in Rwanda and Burundi, between Zaire and the lakes of East Africa. The Tutsi live in Rwanda where they form 10% of the population and in Burundi where they are more numerous. The land in Rwanda is very diverse and they have a very dry climate. Right now the Hutu are in control of the government. The government is a republican form of government with a constitution that provides for a president and an 44 member legislative assembly. There are five major political parties. The government is divided into 10 circumscriptions. The president appoints prefects that are responsible for local government. The mayor of each circumscription is appointed by the president. Right now the president is General Habyarimana, who is a Hutu. The armed forces serve as a national defense and for internal security. The total number of people in the armed forces is 20,000. The Judiciary system consists of four different levels of court. The lowest level courts are customary courts and the police court. Next highest up is the court of First Instance and then, finally, the highest court, the Court of Appeals. As you can see Rwanda has an organized form of government, but the president has a lot of power in deciding who is to be appointed to what offices. .udb226c85acd1323c50a05c5758ea166a , .udb226c85acd1323c50a05c5758ea166a .postImageUrl , .udb226c85acd1323c50a05c5758ea166a .centered-text-area { min-height: 80px; position: relative; } .udb226c85acd1323c50a05c5758ea166a , .udb226c85acd1323c50a05c5758ea166a:hover , .udb226c85acd1323c50a05c5758ea166a:visited , .udb226c85acd1323c50a05c5758ea166a:active { border:0!important; } .udb226c85acd1323c50a05c5758ea166a .clearfix:after { content: ""; display: table; clear: both; } .udb226c85acd1323c50a05c5758ea166a { display: block; transition: background-color 250ms; webkit-transition: background-color 250ms; width: 100%; opacity: 1; transition: opacity 250ms; webkit-transition: opacity 250ms; background-color: #95A5A6; } .udb226c85acd1323c50a05c5758ea166a:active , .udb226c85acd1323c50a05c5758ea166a:hover { opacity: 1; transition: opacity 250ms; webkit-transition: opacity 250ms; background-color: #2C3E50; } .udb226c85acd1323c50a05c5758ea166a .centered-text-area { width: 100%; position: relative ; } .udb226c85acd1323c50a05c5758ea166a .ctaText { border-bottom: 0 solid #fff; color: #2980B9; font-size: 16px; font-weight: bold; margin: 0; padding: 0; text-decoration: underline; } .udb226c85acd1323c50a05c5758ea166a .postTitle { color: #FFFFFF; font-size: 16px; font-weight: 600; margin: 0; padding: 0; width: 100%; } .udb226c85acd1323c50a05c5758ea166a .ctaButton { background-color: #7F8C8D!important; color: #2980B9; border: none; border-radius: 3px; box-shadow: none; font-size: 14px; font-weight: bold; line-height: 26px; moz-border-radius: 3px; text-align: center; text-decoration: none; text-shadow: none; width: 80px; min-height: 80px; background: url(https://artscolumbia.org/wp-content/plugins/intelly-related-posts/assets/images/simple-arrow.png)no-repeat; position: absolute; right: 0; top: 0; } .udb226c85acd1323c50a05c5758ea166a:hover .ctaButton { background-color: #34495E!important; } .udb226c85acd1323c50a05c5758ea166a .centered-text { display: table; height: 80px; padding-left : 18px; top: 0; } .udb226c85acd1323c50a05c5758ea166a .udb226c85acd1323c50a05c5758ea166a-content { display: table-cell; margin: 0; padding: 0; padding-right: 108px; position: relative; vertical-align: middle; width: 100%; } .udb226c85acd1323c50a05c5758ea166a:after { content: ""; display: block; clear: both; } READ: The Growth of Juliet EssayTo summarize my report, the Hutu are more numerous than the Tutsi. They look different physically, but have a similar language. The economy is in bad shape for both of the tribes. The Hutu and Tutsi have had a long history of conflict and the land where they live is quite different from each other. The government is still mainly controlled by the Hutu. To go over a few key points, the Tutsi are a warrior tribe of Hamatic origin and are seldom less than six feet tall. Another key point is that the Hutu are mainly peasant farmers, while the Tutsi are mainly stock breeders. The year round temperature in Rwanda ranges from 55 to 75 degrees. One last key point is that the staple foods of the Hutu are cooked bananas, maize, and millet. The staple foods of the Tutsi are dairy produce, and agricultural foods that are bought from the Hutu. I hope that you have enjoyed my report and learned a lot about the culture of the Hutu and the Tutsi tribes of Africa. Category: History

Tuesday, December 3, 2019

The Illegal Body Parts Trade Essay Example For Students

The Illegal Body Parts Trade Essay The number of people requiring a life-saving transplant continues to rise faster than the number of available donors. In the United States, over 101,000 people are on the Organ Procurement and Transplant Network waiting list, but there are only about 100 donors (Data). According to Organdy. Gob, 19 people die each day waiting for life-saving organ transplants (The Shortage). Society as a whole needs to find a humane answer to this widening gap. One way organs and tissues arrive on the black market is from living donors. The desperation of some people that become financially destitute is dumbfounding. Why anyone in perfectly good health would sell any part oftener body is beyond my comprehension. Understand the principle of donating an organ to help someone that needs it in order to survive, but parting with an organ for the sole reason of profit is crazy. If were in this situation, even if the money was needed to feed my family, have a hard time seeing myself ever doing something so extreme. There has to be another way. The lengths that some people will go for money stretch as far as selling a cornea, which leaves the donor blind in that eye (Experts warn). Usually these illegal organs sell to the eighties bidder. We will write a custom essay on The Illegal Body Parts Trade specifically for you for only $16.38 $13.9/page Order now Other body parts that can be harvested are veins, bones, skin, intestine, heart, lungs, and many other parts of the anatomy (Organ Donation Statistics. Hue a friend Who has a cadaver CAL in his knee that was donated legally. His doctor told him that the ligament to be replaced was beyond repair because he tore the ligament too many times. The only viable option was another actual ligament that hadnt been damaged before. One from a cadaver. I have heard of synthetic repairs for this procedure, but apparently they are an inferior option to the real body part meant to be there. Certain parts of the anatomy can also be used for reconstructive and cosmetic surgeries. For example, burn victims often need skin grafts and trauma patients sometimes need reconstructive surgery using pieces of bone. Sometimes the tissues can be supplied from the patients own body, using the black market to acquire organs is also dangerous. Poor medical practices in third world countries abroad cant possibly provide the level of care available in well developed countries like the United States. Often surgery takes place in makeshift operating rooms. Stories abound to converting hankies and whole levels of hotels into wards. Infections have and do occur. A study conducted by the David Gaffe School of Medicine at the University of California, Los Angles, analyzed the aftereffects of 33 people that traveled outside the United States for kidney transplants. One year after surgery, 30% of the kidneys were rejected by the patients, including one death This is a higher percentage than normal compared to transplants done in the United States (obtaining Kidney Transplants). The risk Of infection applies to the donor as well. Abdul-Raman Abdul-Aziza lives in the slums of Cairo. He sold his kidney for LOS$COCO. A year after his surgery his health became so poor he could barley walk around his apartment. If anyone had made clear to me the danger, wouldnt have done it, he said (Couple scarred. What benefit is gained from selling an organ if you get an infection and die? Money is useless when youre dead. The harvesting of organs and tissues is not always done for money. Many people donate because they have family members or loved ones that desperately need a transplant in order to survive whatever ailment is afflicting them. Others donate simply because they can. The act of voluntary donation can be done while alive or after deceased, although donors who are still alive are limited as to what can be donated. For instance, someone can donate a kidney or part of their liver while theyre still alive, but it would be hard to survive having donated a heart. If more people would voluntarily donate their body parts without jeopardizing their health, the world wide organ shortage would be drastically reduced. It would also help if more people agreed to donate after death, The donation of whole cadavers is the most beneficial. .uc1cd44730bccb7c49ada7448c90ecf24 , .uc1cd44730bccb7c49ada7448c90ecf24 .postImageUrl , .uc1cd44730bccb7c49ada7448c90ecf24 .centered-text-area { min-height: 80px; position: relative; } .uc1cd44730bccb7c49ada7448c90ecf24 , .uc1cd44730bccb7c49ada7448c90ecf24:hover , .uc1cd44730bccb7c49ada7448c90ecf24:visited , .uc1cd44730bccb7c49ada7448c90ecf24:active { border:0!important; } .uc1cd44730bccb7c49ada7448c90ecf24 .clearfix:after { content: ""; display: table; clear: both; } .uc1cd44730bccb7c49ada7448c90ecf24 { display: block; transition: background-color 250ms; webkit-transition: background-color 250ms; width: 100%; opacity: 1; transition: opacity 250ms; webkit-transition: opacity 250ms; background-color: #95A5A6; } .uc1cd44730bccb7c49ada7448c90ecf24:active , .uc1cd44730bccb7c49ada7448c90ecf24:hover { opacity: 1; transition: opacity 250ms; webkit-transition: opacity 250ms; background-color: #2C3E50; } .uc1cd44730bccb7c49ada7448c90ecf24 .centered-text-area { width: 100%; position: relative ; } .uc1cd44730bccb7c49ada7448c90ecf24 .ctaText { border-bottom: 0 solid #fff; color: #2980B9; font-size: 16px; font-weight: bold; margin: 0; padding: 0; text-decoration: underline; } .uc1cd44730bccb7c49ada7448c90ecf24 .postTitle { color: #FFFFFF; font-size: 16px; font-weight: 600; margin: 0; padding: 0; width: 100%; } .uc1cd44730bccb7c49ada7448c90ecf24 .ctaButton { background-color: #7F8C8D!important; color: #2980B9; border: none; border-radius: 3px; box-shadow: none; font-size: 14px; font-weight: bold; line-height: 26px; moz-border-radius: 3px; text-align: center; text-decoration: none; text-shadow: none; width: 80px; min-height: 80px; background: url(https://artscolumbia.org/wp-content/plugins/intelly-related-posts/assets/images/simple-arrow.png)no-repeat; position: absolute; right: 0; top: 0; } .uc1cd44730bccb7c49ada7448c90ecf24:hover .ctaButton { background-color: #34495E!important; } .uc1cd44730bccb7c49ada7448c90ecf24 .centered-text { display: table; height: 80px; padding-left : 18px; top: 0; } .uc1cd44730bccb7c49ada7448c90ecf24 .uc1cd44730bccb7c49ada7448c90ecf24-content { display: table-cell; margin: 0; padding: 0; padding-right: 108px; position: relative; vertical-align: middle; width: 100%; } .uc1cd44730bccb7c49ada7448c90ecf24:after { content: ""; display: block; clear: both; } READ: Remember The Alamo March 6 1836 EssayJust one cadaver can yield over a dozen renegotiable organs and tissues (Shanties). The illegal sale of organs and tissues from the dead is a substantial area of supply for the black market body parts trade. The fact that a whole cadaver can be dissected and sold for parts for over $200,000 makes the practice all too appealing for some, no matter the risk (Carrion). The horror stories of doctors, funeral homes, prisons, and Organized crime outfits essentially stealing organs have been documented. Even in the United States this has happened. A couple Of men involved With the Willed Body Program at UCLA, a program that provides cadavers donated to science or medical students, used the medical center as a front for over six years to traffic body parts to the black market. Over 800 cadavers were dismembered and sold for parts (Carrion). Another case in California involved a doctor who tried to speed up his patients death so he could harvest the patients organs. The patient, Ruben Innovator, was on life support and his family had given their permission to donate his organs. Innovators doctor, Dry. Rookie, prematurely administered several drugs in order to hasten the process. Under California state law, transplant doctors cannot direct the care of organ donors before they re declared dead. Innovators mother was very upset. They mistreated him and they abused him and they took advantage of him and me, said Rosa Innovator. He didnt die with dignity, and didnt have the chance to really say goodbye to him. I dont think it is right, These people need to pay for what they did to him (Orenstein). Organ theft happens all over the world and is taking place with frightening frequency, In Egypt, three men supposedly went in for a job interview and oddly were subjected to medical examinations. The doctor discovered that they all were suffering from a kidney infection requiring emergency surgery. They later woke up in the hospital missing a kidney (Bassoon). These types of stories were believed to be urban legend until true accounts like this surfaced. I wish the stories were just urban legend. There are also stories that involve kidnapped children as well as adults. In Albania, doctors working for a terrorist group were taking organs from Seers kidnapped in Spooks and Metaphor. The bodies were dumped in an abandoned mine shaft and in a Swamp (Illegal Organ). Recently a woman in Nepal was burned to death for attempting to steal a child intended for the organ trade. A number Of children have gone missing recently in this area and police believe it is the work of organized crime groups involved with the black market organ trade (Amman Burnt 3. Also, in the Philippines, the National Bureau of Investigation recently issued an alert warning to the rise of child abductions. The kidnappers take the children for the purpose of selling their organs to people from other countries (Alert). This is the worst act that I have read or heard about and it makes me sick. This alone should be enough to warrant more action and involvement to stop the trade of black market organs, Victims of violence in third world countries have also been pillaged for body parts, Nancy Sphere-Hughes, a world renowned expert on the global human organ trade, said that in South Africa she witnessed the cadavers to poor, mostly black. Victims of violence being looted for usable eyes and heart valves (Scales). In addition to organs stolen trot people that died from violence, prisoners have also been targeted as an easy source of body parts. China executes more prisoners than any other country in the world, more than 1770 in 2005, and has admittedly sold organs from executed prisoners (Organ sales), A survey twine organ transplant professionals was conducted and a large portion of them surveyed agreed that procurement methods were ethically sound in the United States and Europe, but only 4% thought that the procurement methods in China were ethically sound (Majority Of Doctors). .u355a0463810dc307e44068dfb6aacc3f , .u355a0463810dc307e44068dfb6aacc3f .postImageUrl , .u355a0463810dc307e44068dfb6aacc3f .centered-text-area { min-height: 80px; position: relative; } .u355a0463810dc307e44068dfb6aacc3f , .u355a0463810dc307e44068dfb6aacc3f:hover , .u355a0463810dc307e44068dfb6aacc3f:visited , .u355a0463810dc307e44068dfb6aacc3f:active { border:0!important; } .u355a0463810dc307e44068dfb6aacc3f .clearfix:after { content: ""; display: table; clear: both; } .u355a0463810dc307e44068dfb6aacc3f { display: block; transition: background-color 250ms; webkit-transition: background-color 250ms; width: 100%; opacity: 1; transition: opacity 250ms; webkit-transition: opacity 250ms; background-color: #95A5A6; } .u355a0463810dc307e44068dfb6aacc3f:active , .u355a0463810dc307e44068dfb6aacc3f:hover { opacity: 1; transition: opacity 250ms; webkit-transition: opacity 250ms; background-color: #2C3E50; } .u355a0463810dc307e44068dfb6aacc3f .centered-text-area { width: 100%; position: relative ; } .u355a0463810dc307e44068dfb6aacc3f .ctaText { border-bottom: 0 solid #fff; color: #2980B9; font-size: 16px; font-weight: bold; margin: 0; padding: 0; text-decoration: underline; } .u355a0463810dc307e44068dfb6aacc3f .postTitle { color: #FFFFFF; font-size: 16px; font-weight: 600; margin: 0; padding: 0; width: 100%; } .u355a0463810dc307e44068dfb6aacc3f .ctaButton { background-color: #7F8C8D!important; color: #2980B9; border: none; border-radius: 3px; box-shadow: none; font-size: 14px; font-weight: bold; line-height: 26px; moz-border-radius: 3px; text-align: center; text-decoration: none; text-shadow: none; width: 80px; min-height: 80px; background: url(https://artscolumbia.org/wp-content/plugins/intelly-related-posts/assets/images/simple-arrow.png)no-repeat; position: absolute; right: 0; top: 0; } .u355a0463810dc307e44068dfb6aacc3f:hover .ctaButton { background-color: #34495E!important; } .u355a0463810dc307e44068dfb6aacc3f .centered-text { display: table; height: 80px; padding-left : 18px; top: 0; } .u355a0463810dc307e44068dfb6aacc3f .u355a0463810dc307e44068dfb6aacc3f-content { display: table-cell; margin: 0; padding: 0; padding-right: 108px; position: relative; vertical-align: middle; width: 100%; } .u355a0463810dc307e44068dfb6aacc3f:after { content: ""; display: block; clear: both; } READ: Trail of Tears and the Five Civilized Tribes EssayThis could explain some of the infections and aftereffects that have been reported with transplants done outside the United States. The majority Of organ sales and transplants take place abroad. China is now a major hub for transplants, followed by the Philippines and India. Patients seeking new organs travel from Other countries o come over for what has been called transplant tourism ( Merino). The countries that see the highest mourner of recipients of organ transplants tend to be well developed countries like the United States, Australia, Japan, and Canada (Shamanism). Reasonably would wait for a certified organ from a L IE. S. Donor list that has been matched for me and tested for viability, as not all transplants abroad go as planned. One of the many reasons that the purchase and sale of organs is illegal is because it unfairly provides organs to the highest bidders, This usually means that only the wealthy are able to afford transplants. Some have suggested legalizing the organ trade saying that it would increase the donor pool and prevent the need tort illegal and dangerous transplant tourism. Other proponents think that a person has the right to do whatever they want to with their body. People who oppose the idea think that legalization would increase the growth of black market organ sales because it might increase the overall market for organs (Putsches). The suggestion that legalizing the sale of organs may lower scientific standards in exchange for quick and easy money should also be considered. The sale of body parts is illegal in most of the world. This has not stopped desperate patients s eeking transplants to replace their failing organs with healthy ones from either willing donors or from forced donation. Many times that transplants are performed the patients dont know Where the organs come from or how the organs were acquired. Would have to imagine this dont ask, dont tell policy suits most recipients just fine. The illicit underground organ transplant market brings up strong ethical and moral issues as well. There is no question that the world needs a larger supply Of transplantable organs, but he way many of these organs are acquired and procured is sad and inhumane. Whether it is through the many scams out there, forced involuntary donation, or the murder of innocent poor people, organ acquisition without consent needs to be stopped. The sale of organs by the poor is thought by many to exploit the human body. Others say that it erodes the sense of community. Would have to agree. It is sad that the illegal sale of human bodies and body parts has become such a lucrative business. The organized groups that steal organs have no regard for human life. All they see are dollar signs, or whatever their currency may be. Is there a good solution to the escalating organ trade problem?